Tuesday, July 26, 2016

A New York City Math Professor Donates His Sperm to Women Who Want Smart and Attractive Children


If a woman in the USA wants a child but does not have a husband or male partner, she can go to a sperm bank and doctors will inseminate her with the sperm of a donor. The men who donate their sperm remain anonymous but the 'bank' will not accept sperm unless the male donor is under 25, healthy, over 6 feet (180cm), and college educated. Getting this super-sperm is very expensive.

So this New York City professor offers a less expensive and probably just as good alternative. 

The only problem for him is, by providing his sperm outside of a sperm bank, he is legally responsible for the child: he is legally considered the child's father and can be sued by women and forced by a judge to pay them child support. In fact, he has been sued a few times and it seems that money is garnished (taken) from his paycheck and sent to women he has helped in the past.

Despite the fact that he can be sued, he keeps providing his sperm to women who want smart and attractive babies. My guess is that judges can only garnish a certain percentage of his earnings - he has to be allowed to make enough money to survive. Therefore, he has already probably reached this percentage limit and cannot be hurt further by women who sue him. Indeed, suing him now would be a waste since the woman suing would receive a very small amount (if anything) from him.

Here's the NY Post article:

http://nypost.com/2016/06/12/professor-who-donates-sperm-in-city-bathrooms-has-sired-22-kids/

Vocabulary from the article:

to sire - to father, to produce offspring (children)

sperm - in case you couldn't figure out what sperm is from the context of the article, it is the substance provided by a male partner that combines with a woman's 'egg' to produce a child

flushed - red faced

semen - sperm

CUNY - City University of New York

Kingsborough - a location in Brooklyn

This isn't time-consuming and.... - so it doesn't take him long to produce the sperm in the public restroom and he jokes that he engages in that activity every day any way.

in a committed relationship - she was his chosen partner, not someone random, not a stranger

offspring - children

the old fashioned way - this means he has sex with the woman and inseminates her through having sex

for moral support - for encouragement (because it cannot be easy for a lesbian to have sex with a man). If you provide 'moral support' to a person you are there with the person to encourage him or her.

to engage in intercourse - the sexual process that can result in sperm being combined with a woman's ovum (egg)

he supplies his goods in a cup - he ejaculates his sperm into a cup for the women who then inserts it into herself to try to achieve pregnancy

I'm not doing it for easy action - he claims he is not doing this to get easy sex with women

Isn't that what Tinder is for? - he jokes that if someone wants easy sex, he/she should use the dating app Tinder 

to procure his samples - to get his sperm sample

ovulating women - women who are ready to get pregnant (their egg is ready)

menstrual - referring to menstruation, when a woman bleeds once a month; a menstrual cup catches blood usually

to conceive - when a woman conceives, this means a sperm cell has entered an egg cell and the baby is being produced

This time might do the trick - this time might work. If something does the trick, it works. So if you are stressed out and drink a glass of wine, you might say, "Whew, I am relaxed now. That wine did the trick."

prolific - doing something over and over. A prolific writer has written many books.

off the charts - when something is off the charts it is immeasurable, so many that they can't be counted

his first foray - his first attempt

to fix her up - to help her meet a guy

he got cold feet - he changed his mind, he lost his courage

a fertility clinic - a place where they help women to become pregnant

craigslist - a very popular website in the USA (10th most popular in the country), but a very dangerous site where people often lose money or are harmed through people they meet through the site

are a draw - are an attraction

toddler - a baby who can walk

siblings - brothers and sisters

a large brood - a large family

without the hassle - without the trouble

garnished - when a judge takes money from a person's paycheck to pay someone else. I think the most that can be taken is 1/2, so nobody else can really benefit from suing him now.

to sue - to take a person to court to try to get money from another person because of some wrong or illegal action

got left in the dust - were abandoned, were not properly taken care of

contentious - to be contentious is to argue about something

Am I chopped liver? - Do I look ugly? Am I not important?

in-vitro fertilization - when a special, more scientific, container is used

progeny - offspring

Tuesday, July 19, 2016

A Taiwanese company polluted Vietnamese waters, seriously harming the fishing industry, for the sake of its profits




Many developing countries will invite foreign companies to set up operations in the developing country in order to help the government create jobs and generate tax revenue. Vietnam is such a developing country and many foreign companies have invested in Vietnam and have set up production facilities there.

The Formosa Ha Tinh Corporation of Taiwan, however, created a huge scandal by pouring lots and lots of pollutants into surrounding Vietnamese waters, destroying the fishing industry in FOUR Vietnamese districts. Formosa killed about 100 tons (!!!) of fish and damaged the environment to the point that it may never recover. When a Formosa spokesman was asked about this horrific environmental damage, he said, basically, "Well, the Vietnamese people have to choose between factories and fish." 

Apparently Formosa will have to pay $500,000,000 to help clean up the pollution and to help the fishermen, but the Vietnamese people are now, apparently, very disappointed in their government, which was slow to act in this situation and may have tried to cover this up. Uncle Ho didn't lead two wars against two major European powers so that a future government might allow something like this. (Uncle Ho -- Ho Chi Minh, leader of a Vietnamese unification program which lead to successful wars against France and the USA)

The article is below:

http://thediplomat.com/2016/07/its-official-formosa-subsidiary-caused-mass-fish-deaths-in-vietnam/

Vocabulary to help you understand the article:

It's official - this means an investigation has happened and now the truth can be told. It's official - it's certain.

subsidiary - a branch of a larger company, a smaller section of a larger company

mass death - many dead

the blame - the responsibility for something bad happening

compensation - to provide compensation is to offer something to make up for something bad that happened

unprecedented - never seen before; if something is unprecedented it has never happened before

labeled the crisis - called the crisis

from the outset - from the beginning

a steel plant - a factory making steel (the material tall buildings and bridges are made of)

discharged - poured, spewed, sent, forced

industrial waste - pollution that is created when products are made at a factory

to blame - to accuse, to claim that someone/some group has done something wrong

to mitigate the consequences - the soften or make less severe the consequences

pledged - promised

rare mass protests - rare means it does not happen often, mass protests means many Vietnamese people took to the streets and openly complained and demanded that something should be done

protests were marred by - to mar something is to make it less clean or to make something look worse; so the protests were made worse by the fact that people were arrested by the police and that there was violence

to implement - to put a plan into action

investment kept rolling in - to make sure other companies from other countries would continue to invest in Vietnam

to shoulder responsibility - to accept responsibility, as if you are carrying it on your shoulder

to mediate a situation - someone who mediates tries to reach an agreement that both sides find acceptable

Saturday, July 9, 2016

American police officers continue to kill innocent black men?


The video on the link below is really horrifying.

It shows the aftermath of a black man (Philando Castile) shot by a white police officer in Minnesota. The man was shot in front of a child and the man's girlfriend. 

Apparently the cop stopped Castile as he was driving and asked to see the man's driver's license. Castile apparently looked like a person who had robbed a store a couple of days earlier. Castile, according to his girlfriend, then pointed out that he was carrying a gun, but that he was carrying it legally - she claimed that he had a license to carry the gun (although police now seem to be saying he did not have a license to carry the gun publicly). 

Apparently, when the police officer saw the gun, he shot Castile (the officer and the girlfriend who took the video are presenting contradictory stories, so it is difficult to know just exactly what happened).

The African American community in America is outraged (extremely angry) because they perceive that throughout the United States police officers continue to casually shoot black men.

In my opinion it is absolutely disgusting how the police treated his girlfriend after one of them shot her boyfriend. These cops acted worse than animals instead of acting like professional human beings. 

Where do these guys receive their training from? There is no need for them to over-react like this all the time. This is why there are protests all around this country - how long does it take for cops to realize they are expected to act like MEN and NOT WORSE THAN ANIMALS?

Read the story and see the video here:

http://nypost.com/2016/07/09/minnesota-cop-who-killed-castile-says-he-reacted-to-display-gun/

Vocabulary to help you understand:

to 'display' gun - in newspapers they often shorten sentences so the headlines should say that the cop (police officer) reacted to the display of a gun (the cop claims he shot the black man when he displayed or showed a gun)

to contradict another story - if one story contradicts another, it provides facts that are the opposite of the facts in the first story

carrying a licensed pistol - the person who was shot had a gun, but he was apparently carrying it legally (he had a license for it)

license and registration - when a police officer pulls a person over in his car, the cop usually asks for the person's drivers license and car registration certificate.

distraught - emotionally shocked, depressed, devastated

to elaborate - to add extra information

Friday, May 27, 2016

NYPD Corruption: Hasidic Jews Beat a Gay, Black Man; the NYPD Tries to Cover It Up

To be completely honest, the New York Police Department is the most corrupt police department in the world (corrupt = dishonest - you cannot trust them to act rightly).

This is the way a gay black man looked after he tried walking through a neighborhood (area) of Hasidic Jewish people in New York City.


Apparently these folks don't want gays or blacks or a combination of the two in their neighborhood. The New York Police Department refused to arrest (take to the station or put on trial) any of the many men who did this.

Only after this man's mother went to several newspapers did the police finally take action. The men who attacked this man were arrested and went to trial, but they received very light sentences (punishments).

This is disgraceful. If a poor guy who is gay and black gets beaten by Hasidic Jews, the police won't do anything? How much power do these folks have in this city? There was recently another news article stating that the city government funds (pays for) much of the housing for Hasidic Jews  in NY City.

What's a "Hasidic" Jew?


These are super conservative Jewish folks who live in their own little neighborhoods and who apparently don't want gays and blacks walking through. And if you are gay and/or black, they will apparently just beat you until you are almost dead if you walk through their neighborhoods and the police will apparently allow it.

And then people ask me why I wrote a book called New York City Sucks!
https://www.amazon.com/York-Sucks-Youll-Wanna-Anyway-ebook/dp/B004TSPAQS

Please read this article:
http://gothamist.com/2016/05/06/taj_patterson_coverup.php

Vocabulary from the article: 

to memory-hole something - in the novel 1984 there is a device where any information goes that the government doesn't like. It is called a memory hole. So that information disappears. The New York Police Department wanted this information to disappear.

a cop - a police officer

to deep six something - to eliminate something completely, as if you are killing it and putting it 6 feet under ground

a beatdown - when someone is badly beaten

allegedly - apparently, supposedly

brutal - overly severe, harsh, cruel, showing no mercy

neighborhood watch members - these are volunteers who wander around the neighborhood (the area in which they live) supposedly looking for criminals

the case - the investigation

to make a fuss - to cause trouble, to create problems for others, to complain

a misdemeanor assault - a misdemeanor is a minor crime, an assault is also a minor crime, it means basically that someone scared someone else. But in this case several men BEAT an innocent man. This was aggravated battery, not assault.

labeled the case closed - officially closed the case

pounced on him - to pounce - to jump on as a wild animal jumps on prey

prosecutors - lawyers for the state who try to get people found guilty

accused him of doing something - claimed he had done something

to flee - to run away

a pummeling - a beating

ceased - ended

stomping - stepping on him very hard with their feet

swollen - overly large

intoxicated - drunk (so the police tried to blame the victim saying that he was drunk)

incoherent - not understandable

a blitz - a brief period with a lot of action in it (blitz is the German word for lightening)

a publicity blitz - a lot of action to get publicity or public notice 

indictment - pronounced in dite ment...a formal process of accusing someone of a crime

imitation - similar to

vigilantism - punishing people instead of allowing the police to arrest them

the revelation - the revealing of something, when something finally becomes known

mishandling - not handling the situation rightly, not acting the right way toward an official situation

federal scrutiny - the government in Washington D.C, is investigating cops

to halt - to stop

reassessing - re-thinking

a vendor - a business partner or someone who sells something or provides some service

to condemn something - to say it is wrong

their charges dropped - they are no longer in danger of going to jail

a slew of felony charges - many accusations of very serious crimes - a felony is a serious crime. Actually, a couple days ago, a judge let them go with a very light sentence (punishment)....no jail time.

to sue - to take someone or some organization to court to get money for something wrong that was done

to be dead wrong - to be completely wrong

Thursday, May 19, 2016

20 fill-in-the-blank sentences based on 31 intermediate level English vocabulary words

Here are 20 fill-in-the-blank sentences using 20 of the 31 words below.  

a bouquet 
- a bunch or collection of flowers; usually a guy will buy a bouquet (pronounced boo-kay) for his girl friend

vigilant -  to keep vigil is to watch for something.  Vigilance is watchfulness.  If people want to protest something they will have a candlelight vigil (they will stand silently in a public place just holding candles). To be vigilant is to be watchful.

to obliterate - to wipe out completely. to eliminate

a prophecy -  a prediction of something.  Nostradamus made many accurate prophesies about the future.

to infringe on - to violate something is to infringe on something.  He infringed on my privacy by listening to our conversation at the cafe.

a penchant - a disposition or strong desire for something.  He demonstrated a penchant for the violin early in life.

coercive - forceful. Obama's new health plan is, to Republicans, too coercive - he will force people to buy insurance against their will and punish people who don't buy health insurance.

to dislodge - to force something loose.  A bone was stuck in the child's throat and the doctor had to dislodge it.

to bestow - to give something to someone.  The Nobel Prize for economics was bestowed on two Americans today.

to make accusations - to claim that someone did something wrong.  Roh Moo Hyun killed himself because he was faced with many accusations which he found embarrassing.

to unleash - to let go as if you have been holding back.  The US military unleashed its terrible power on the nation of Iraq after Saddam Hussein refused to allow UN inspectors to look at his weapons facilities.  You usually keep a leash on a dog or other wild animal.  To unleash it is to let it go so it will attack someone.

elusive - hard to capture or catch.  Winning a gold medal was elusive for Dan Jansen. He finally won one in his last race.

paternity - fatherhood.  There is a paternity test: although Jim denied he was the father of the child the DNA paternity test proved he was the guy.

stray - not on the "right" path.  The child was killed by a stray bullet.  When i was young i used to feed the stray dogs in my neighborhood (dogs living on the streets).

delusion - an illusion.  a mistaken idea.  The belief that Israel and the Palestinians will make a peace treaty soon is a total delusion.

to shatter - to break (i.e. glass or a mirror) into many pieces.

brutal - especially cruel, mean, harsh.

an interloper - someone who is somewhere that he doesn't belong.  An intruder.

to ferment - to allow to develop.  Wine is a form of fermented grapes.  The anger in Burma began to ferment into violence.

inflammatory - causing a fire, causing violence

bustling - exciting, busy. The streets of Flushing are always bustling with people.

profanity - vulgarity, dirty language

a disposition - the way one feels at any time.  His was a peaceful disposition - but he could easily become angry.

to stumble - to trip on something as you walk is to stumble.

to curb - to shorten.  Please curb your aggression!  He needed to curb the amount of alcohol he drank.

bluntness - being too straight forward or too candid. i.e. 'Dan your haircut sucks!' is an example of bluntness.

impeccable - blameless, pure, innocent

to bemoan - to criticize something or someone

to summon - to call someone to someplace

mitigating - having a softening effect.  I was angry my child was late for dinner but the fact that he was helping a neighbor was a mitigating factor and I stopped being angry.

to rejuvenate - to make someone or something feel or look young again

to be hooked on - to be hooked on something means to be addicted to something


Verbs can take any form in the answers below:

1) Bob would sometimes spend as much as 7 hours a day on the internet; clearly, he felt he needed to __________ the amount of time he spent online.

2) On Valentine's Day it is customary to buy your sweetheart a ____________ of roses or some other type of flower.

3) Because the two children were as white as could be, many people openly doubted the ____________ of Michael Jackson.  Indeed, after his death it was revealed that he had not been the actual, "biological" father.

4) Although the Mayor of New York claimed that police searches of bags and containers at MTA stations was essential to combat terrorism, I feel that it is not only a waste of time but that the searches ____________ on the privacy rights of passengers.

5) Although Susan Lucci had been on a television series for 20 years, she had never won an EMMY award.  Nobody was quite sure why this award had been so  _____________ for her.

6) Because I used to drink a lot of sugary soft drinks as a child, I am now __________ on soda and have a hard time going each day without a bottle of it.

7) The world was outraged that North Korea would fire a Taepodong 2 missile over Japan.  The Obama administration did not take any action, but indicated that the USA would be more ___________ toward North Korea and might punish them later if more missiles are shot.

8)  The United States Congress chose to __________ a human rights prize on the Dalai Lama, despite protests from China's Mr. Hu.  Obama suggested that Hu and the Dalai Lama should have a beer together with him at the White House. (joking)

9)  People are often surprised by how __________ Chinatown is in New York City. The streets are crowded with people shopping in the markets.

10)  Many politicians and public figures are expected to have ___________ reputations, yet they are often the most boring and incompetent people; perhaps less pure people would be better public servants.

11)  The man was clearly crazy as he ran through the crowd trying to stab people with a huge knife.  After he was caught and subdued by several men, it was quite a challenge to ___________ the knife from his grip.

12)  The movie 2012 was based upon the strange ____________ that in that year life on earth would change drastically and perhaps end.

13)  It is now thought that the dinosaurs were ____________ by a giant asteroid that collided with the planet earth 65 million years ago.

14)  Although everyone seems to agree that everyone has the right to affordable health care, many people are _______ many aspects of Obama's plan, such as the provision to fine people who do not buy insurance.

15)  Although Ted Kennedy seemed to have taken his job as a Senator seriously, he seemed to have an unquenchable _______________ for alcoholic beverages and women that seriously harmed his reputation.

16) There are, basically, two types of murder in the US - cold-blooded murder and hot-blooded.  The court system feels that killing under strong emotions is a ______________ factor and such a person's sentence will be less than the sentence of someone will plans or plots a murder.

17)  Kim Jong Un is the ___________ dictator of a regime which has falsely imprisoned thousands of its own people and executed numerous political prisoners.

18)  After Bob took his two week vacation in Aruba he felt completely _____________ and ready to go back to work as if he were a new person.

19)  Some officials of a certain large Asian country's government accused the Dalai Lama of inciting protests during the preparations for the 2008 Olympic games through ______________ speeches.  Many Americans wondered how a speech containing the sentence "Love your neighbor and forgive all who have wronged you." could be considered a statement calculated to incite violence, however.

20)  Although I value candor, I do not appreciate _______________; there is always a polite way to convey something to someone.



Answers are below:









Answers:

1. curb
2. bouquet
3. paternity 
4. infringed
5. elusive
6. hooked
7. vigilant
8. bestow
9. bustling
10. impeccable
11. dislodge
12. prophecy 
13. obliterated
14. bemoaning
15. disposition
16. mitigating
17. brutal
18. rejuvenated
19. inflammatory
20. bluntness

Wednesday, May 18, 2016

The Japanese vagina-kayak artist was found guilty of obscenity


The judge in Japan said that her kayak is ok - it is a work of art - but because the artist sent out data allowing people to reproduce her vagina in a 3-D format, she was found guilty of violating Japan's obscenity laws.

A kayak is a type of boat created by Native Americans living in the far northern Pacific. It is a very slim boat for one rider, usually. A vagina is a woman's sexual organ. Obscenity refers to anything considered to be dirty or that might cause shame - obscenity is, basically, pornography which is considered very offensive.

The article:

http://www.theguardian.com/world/2016/may/09/japanese-vagina-kayak-artist-found-guilty-of-obscenity

Vocabulary from the article:

to be fined - to be punished by being forced to pay an amount of money to the state

genitals - her sex organ, her vagina

a case - any legal matter is called 'a case'

ridicule - when people make fun of something or mock something

female genitalia - the vagina

pseudonym - a fake name

arrested - she was taken away by the police

recipients - receivers

the penalty - the punishment

prosecutors - lawyers for the state who try to get people punished

convicted - found guilty

obscene - very dirty, very pornographic

cleared of a charge - found not-guilty of an allegation or claim that she broke the law; a charge is a claim by the state that someone broke the law. He was arrested for the charge of murder. He was charged with murder.

inorganic - not alive

to arouse - to make one want to have sex, to make one horny

a legal appeal - when lawyers go to a higher court and ask for help to change a lower court's decision

a public petition - when people sign a document saying they don't agree with a government decision

moulded - when a shape is created by pouring a liquid substance into a mold and then allowing it to get hard

a pussy - a slang term for a vagina

a diorama - a recreated landscape scene

hypocrisy - when a person says one thing but does another; in Japan the government allowed pornographic images of children to be shown in manga, but objected to reproductions of a manko (vagina)

pixelated - obscured, messed up so you can't see it clearly

The Waterboys frontman - the singer for the English rock group Waterboys

Friday, May 13, 2016

A Corrupt NY Politician Goes to Jail (but the More Things Change the More They Stay the Same)

Sheldon Silver

When foreign students ask me what the difference is between Republicans and Democrats, I tell them that this answer is easy: Republicans are evil and Democrats are corrupt.

What does corrupt mean? If someone is corrupt he/she is not ethical and does not act rightly. A corrupt politician might take bribes or use his/her position to make extra money or to help people he/she knows in return for favors from them.

Frankly, Republicans are evil. They believe that America is about strong individuals who can take care of themselves. They don't want to have any social programs and if you were starving (without food) a Republican would say, "Well, either get a job or starve. And if you do starve to death, be happy, you are helping to make sure that weak people like you die so strong people like us can survive." These "strong" Republicans usually come from families with lots of money.

It's funny because most Republicans don't believe in Darwin's theory of evolution (they are often super religious) but they refer to Darwinian survival principles when they explain their political philosophy.

Frankly, Democrats are corrupt. Super corrupt. I doubt there's even one honest Democratic politician. They are always doing favors, taking stuff for favors, doing all kinds of unethical things. The irony is that they like to present themselves as good people. They are always giving away free things. NY State has a Democratic Governor (leader) and now if you are poor and want a sex change (you are a guy and want to be a girl or vice versa) NY State will give you a FREE sex change. Isn't the Governor such a wonderful person! >_<  This is why NY State taxes are so high.

So here's an article about a guy (Sheldon Silver) who was corrupt for many years. He was one of the most powerful politicians in NY State. Everybody knew he was corrupt. The NY Post would publish articles basically saying: "Wow! This mother father is really corrupt!" (The NY Times supported the guy - they support all Democrats as long as they haven't been thrown in jail yet.) 

Nobody did anything. For 20 years nobody did anything. They worked with him because they were corrupt themselves. The Mayor of NY City (leader of NY City) even said that Silver was a "man of integrity" - a man of great honesty who never broke the law and cared about acting rightly.

What really irritates me is that the guy is an Orthodox Jewish guy. "Orthodox" means that they try to live according to the Bible. Where does it say in the Bible that you can be so corrupt as to help to destroy NY State government for generations? 

Any way, the Federal Government (Washington D.C.) finally arrested the guy and he'll be thrown in jail. 

The article:

http://nypost.com/2016/05/03/sheldon-silver-gets-12-years-in-prison-for-corruption/

Vocabulary from the article:

federal court - this is a court established by the US government. NY State government loved Silver and protected him. 

former Assembly Speaker - former means he used to hold this position. The Assembly is NY State's Congress - where the laws are made. Corrupt people can make a lot of money by getting into a Congress. He was the "Speaker" of the Assembly - the leader.

to be sentenced to - when someone is found guilty a judge will 'sentence' him/her to a punishment

a penitentiary - a jail

a judge -


scheming - someone who makes plans to do things that are illegal

to fork over - to hand over money (this is slang);to provide money

ill-gotten gains - money made illegally, gains would be money...the money was gotten (was received) in an 'ill' or wrong manner

disgraced - the opposite of honorable; to be disgraced means everyone looks down on you, you are ashamed, deeply embarrassed

ex-pol - ex politician (he used to be a politician - someone elected to a government office)

criminal counts - specific crimes

fraud - making money illegally

extortion- threatening people to get money, scaring people to make money

money laundering - getting illegal money but processing it to make it seem like legal money

concurrently - one after the other

hefty - big

capped - it is the very top of something

stellar run - an amazing number of successes (steallar means like the stars, a run is a series of events) 

Preet Bharara - an honest lawyer for the US government who has been throwing lots of corrupt politicians in jail.

justice meted out - the justice delivered

a stiff sentence - an extreme, harsh, punishment

humbled - no longer arrogant; very embarrassed

I let down my family - I disappointed my family

constituents - the people who voted for him (no...they elected one of his friends to take his place)

rendered - delivered

stoic - strong, not showing any emotional pain

lit into her husband - to light into someone is to verbally attack the person for something the person did that was wrong

extra-marital affairs - he had sex with women who wanted things from him

filings - extra papers to the judge

a lobbyist - someone who tries to influence politicians to make laws favorable to their clients

cushy - easy, a cushy job pays well and is easy

a minimum security camp - instead of a real jail, they are going to send him to a camp where he can play tennis every day and take classes,watch movies, eat nice food etc.

to impose on someone - to force on someone

a kick-back - when you help someone make money and he gives you a share

for one's better angels to take over - for one's better part of his/her nature to help the person make the right decision

put him on the straight and narrow - the straight and narrow refers to a life where you follow a narrow road of doing good things

legislator - someone who makes laws

slammed - criticized, attacked

the max - the maximum sentence

draconian - after Draco an ancient Greek leader who killed people for minor crimes. A guideline sentence is a sentence the Congress recommends for a criminal.

leniency - mercy, showing forgiveness, making the punishment lesser

home confinement - forcing someone to stay at home

a modest upbringing - growing up without much money

incarceration - to be thrown in jail

rendered - given

to weather a storm - to get through a difficult period of time

devastated - a feeling of being destroyed, shocked, 

an obituary - a notice that someone has died

deliberation - thinking, considering

cozy - comfortable

hooking them up -connecting them

to sustain each conviction - to preserve, to keep

an appeal - an attempt to g oto someone higher in a system to get a better decision
--------------------

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https://www.amazon.com/York-Sucks-Youll-Wanna-Anyway-ebook/dp/B004TSPAQS