Friday, May 27, 2016

NYPD Corruption: Hasidic Jews Beat a Gay, Black Man; the NYPD Tries to Cover It Up

To be completely honest, the New York Police Department is the most corrupt police department in the world (corrupt = dishonest - you cannot trust them to act rightly).

This is the way a gay black man looked after he tried walking through a neighborhood (area) of Hasidic Jewish people in New York City.


Apparently these folks don't want gays or blacks or a combination of the two in their neighborhood. The New York Police Department refused to arrest (take to the station or put on trial) any of the many men who did this.

Only after this man's mother went to several newspapers did the police finally take action. The men who attacked this man were arrested and went to trial, but they received very light sentences (punishments).

This is disgraceful. If a poor guy who is gay and black gets beaten by Hasidic Jews, the police won't do anything? How much power do these folks have in this city? There was recently another news article stating that the city government funds (pays for) much of the housing for Hasidic Jews  in NY City.

What's a "Hasidic" Jew?


These are super conservative Jewish folks who live in their own little neighborhoods and who apparently don't want gays and blacks walking through. And if you are gay and/or black, they will apparently just beat you until you are almost dead if you walk through their neighborhoods and the police will apparently allow it.

And then people ask me why I wrote a book called New York City Sucks!
https://www.amazon.com/York-Sucks-Youll-Wanna-Anyway-ebook/dp/B004TSPAQS

Please read this article:
http://gothamist.com/2016/05/06/taj_patterson_coverup.php

Vocabulary from the article: 

to memory-hole something - in the novel 1984 there is a device where any information goes that the government doesn't like. It is called a memory hole. So that information disappears. The New York Police Department wanted this information to disappear.

a cop - a police officer

to deep six something - to eliminate something completely, as if you are killing it and putting it 6 feet under ground

a beatdown - when someone is badly beaten

allegedly - apparently, supposedly

brutal - overly severe, harsh, cruel, showing no mercy

neighborhood watch members - these are volunteers who wander around the neighborhood (the area in which they live) supposedly looking for criminals

the case - the investigation

to make a fuss - to cause trouble, to create problems for others, to complain

a misdemeanor assault - a misdemeanor is a minor crime, an assault is also a minor crime, it means basically that someone scared someone else. But in this case several men BEAT an innocent man. This was aggravated battery, not assault.

labeled the case closed - officially closed the case

pounced on him - to pounce - to jump on as a wild animal jumps on prey

prosecutors - lawyers for the state who try to get people found guilty

accused him of doing something - claimed he had done something

to flee - to run away

a pummeling - a beating

ceased - ended

stomping - stepping on him very hard with their feet

swollen - overly large

intoxicated - drunk (so the police tried to blame the victim saying that he was drunk)

incoherent - not understandable

a blitz - a brief period with a lot of action in it (blitz is the German word for lightening)

a publicity blitz - a lot of action to get publicity or public notice 

indictment - pronounced in dite ment...a formal process of accusing someone of a crime

imitation - similar to

vigilantism - punishing people instead of allowing the police to arrest them

the revelation - the revealing of something, when something finally becomes known

mishandling - not handling the situation rightly, not acting the right way toward an official situation

federal scrutiny - the government in Washington D.C, is investigating cops

to halt - to stop

reassessing - re-thinking

a vendor - a business partner or someone who sells something or provides some service

to condemn something - to say it is wrong

their charges dropped - they are no longer in danger of going to jail

a slew of felony charges - many accusations of very serious crimes - a felony is a serious crime. Actually, a couple days ago, a judge let them go with a very light sentence (punishment)....no jail time.

to sue - to take someone or some organization to court to get money for something wrong that was done

to be dead wrong - to be completely wrong

Thursday, May 19, 2016

20 fill-in-the-blank sentences based on 31 intermediate level English vocabulary words

Here are 20 fill-in-the-blank sentences using 20 of the 31 words below.  

a bouquet 
- a bunch or collection of flowers; usually a guy will buy a bouquet (pronounced boo-kay) for his girl friend

vigilant -  to keep vigil is to watch for something.  Vigilance is watchfulness.  If people want to protest something they will have a candlelight vigil (they will stand silently in a public place just holding candles). To be vigilant is to be watchful.

to obliterate - to wipe out completely. to eliminate

a prophecy -  a prediction of something.  Nostradamus made many accurate prophesies about the future.

to infringe on - to violate something is to infringe on something.  He infringed on my privacy by listening to our conversation at the cafe.

a penchant - a disposition or strong desire for something.  He demonstrated a penchant for the violin early in life.

coercive - forceful. Obama's new health plan is, to Republicans, too coercive - he will force people to buy insurance against their will and punish people who don't buy health insurance.

to dislodge - to force something loose.  A bone was stuck in the child's throat and the doctor had to dislodge it.

to bestow - to give something to someone.  The Nobel Prize for economics was bestowed on two Americans today.

to make accusations - to claim that someone did something wrong.  Roh Moo Hyun killed himself because he was faced with many accusations which he found embarrassing.

to unleash - to let go as if you have been holding back.  The US military unleashed its terrible power on the nation of Iraq after Saddam Hussein refused to allow UN inspectors to look at his weapons facilities.  You usually keep a leash on a dog or other wild animal.  To unleash it is to let it go so it will attack someone.

elusive - hard to capture or catch.  Winning a gold medal was elusive for Dan Jansen. He finally won one in his last race.

paternity - fatherhood.  There is a paternity test: although Jim denied he was the father of the child the DNA paternity test proved he was the guy.

stray - not on the "right" path.  The child was killed by a stray bullet.  When i was young i used to feed the stray dogs in my neighborhood (dogs living on the streets).

delusion - an illusion.  a mistaken idea.  The belief that Israel and the Palestinians will make a peace treaty soon is a total delusion.

to shatter - to break (i.e. glass or a mirror) into many pieces.

brutal - especially cruel, mean, harsh.

an interloper - someone who is somewhere that he doesn't belong.  An intruder.

to ferment - to allow to develop.  Wine is a form of fermented grapes.  The anger in Burma began to ferment into violence.

inflammatory - causing a fire, causing violence

bustling - exciting, busy. The streets of Flushing are always bustling with people.

profanity - vulgarity, dirty language

a disposition - the way one feels at any time.  His was a peaceful disposition - but he could easily become angry.

to stumble - to trip on something as you walk is to stumble.

to curb - to shorten.  Please curb your aggression!  He needed to curb the amount of alcohol he drank.

bluntness - being too straight forward or too candid. i.e. 'Dan your haircut sucks!' is an example of bluntness.

impeccable - blameless, pure, innocent

to bemoan - to criticize something or someone

to summon - to call someone to someplace

mitigating - having a softening effect.  I was angry my child was late for dinner but the fact that he was helping a neighbor was a mitigating factor and I stopped being angry.

to rejuvenate - to make someone or something feel or look young again

to be hooked on - to be hooked on something means to be addicted to something


Verbs can take any form in the answers below:

1) Bob would sometimes spend as much as 7 hours a day on the internet; clearly, he felt he needed to __________ the amount of time he spent online.

2) On Valentine's Day it is customary to buy your sweetheart a ____________ of roses or some other type of flower.

3) Because the two children were as white as could be, many people openly doubted the ____________ of Michael Jackson.  Indeed, after his death it was revealed that he had not been the actual, "biological" father.

4) Although the Mayor of New York claimed that police searches of bags and containers at MTA stations was essential to combat terrorism, I feel that it is not only a waste of time but that the searches ____________ on the privacy rights of passengers.

5) Although Susan Lucci had been on a television series for 20 years, she had never won an EMMY award.  Nobody was quite sure why this award had been so  _____________ for her.

6) Because I used to drink a lot of sugary soft drinks as a child, I am now __________ on soda and have a hard time going each day without a bottle of it.

7) The world was outraged that North Korea would fire a Taepodong 2 missile over Japan.  The Obama administration did not take any action, but indicated that the USA would be more ___________ toward North Korea and might punish them later if more missiles are shot.

8)  The United States Congress chose to __________ a human rights prize on the Dalai Lama, despite protests from China's Mr. Hu.  Obama suggested that Hu and the Dalai Lama should have a beer together with him at the White House. (joking)

9)  People are often surprised by how __________ Chinatown is in New York City. The streets are crowded with people shopping in the markets.

10)  Many politicians and public figures are expected to have ___________ reputations, yet they are often the most boring and incompetent people; perhaps less pure people would be better public servants.

11)  The man was clearly crazy as he ran through the crowd trying to stab people with a huge knife.  After he was caught and subdued by several men, it was quite a challenge to ___________ the knife from his grip.

12)  The movie 2012 was based upon the strange ____________ that in that year life on earth would change drastically and perhaps end.

13)  It is now thought that the dinosaurs were ____________ by a giant asteroid that collided with the planet earth 65 million years ago.

14)  Although everyone seems to agree that everyone has the right to affordable health care, many people are _______ many aspects of Obama's plan, such as the provision to fine people who do not buy insurance.

15)  Although Ted Kennedy seemed to have taken his job as a Senator seriously, he seemed to have an unquenchable _______________ for alcoholic beverages and women that seriously harmed his reputation.

16) There are, basically, two types of murder in the US - cold-blooded murder and hot-blooded.  The court system feels that killing under strong emotions is a ______________ factor and such a person's sentence will be less than the sentence of someone will plans or plots a murder.

17)  Kim Jong Un is the ___________ dictator of a regime which has falsely imprisoned thousands of its own people and executed numerous political prisoners.

18)  After Bob took his two week vacation in Aruba he felt completely _____________ and ready to go back to work as if he were a new person.

19)  Some officials of a certain large Asian country's government accused the Dalai Lama of inciting protests during the preparations for the 2008 Olympic games through ______________ speeches.  Many Americans wondered how a speech containing the sentence "Love your neighbor and forgive all who have wronged you." could be considered a statement calculated to incite violence, however.

20)  Although I value candor, I do not appreciate _______________; there is always a polite way to convey something to someone.



Answers are below:









Answers:

1. curb
2. bouquet
3. paternity 
4. infringed
5. elusive
6. hooked
7. vigilant
8. bestow
9. bustling
10. impeccable
11. dislodge
12. prophecy 
13. obliterated
14. bemoaning
15. disposition
16. mitigating
17. brutal
18. rejuvenated
19. inflammatory
20. bluntness

Wednesday, May 18, 2016

The Japanese vagina-kayak artist was found guilty of obscenity


The judge in Japan said that her kayak is ok - it is a work of art - but because the artist sent out data allowing people to reproduce her vagina in a 3-D format, she was found guilty of violating Japan's obscenity laws.

A kayak is a type of boat created by Native Americans living in the far northern Pacific. It is a very slim boat for one rider, usually. A vagina is a woman's sexual organ. Obscenity refers to anything considered to be dirty or that might cause shame - obscenity is, basically, pornography which is considered very offensive.

The article:

http://www.theguardian.com/world/2016/may/09/japanese-vagina-kayak-artist-found-guilty-of-obscenity

Vocabulary from the article:

to be fined - to be punished by being forced to pay an amount of money to the state

genitals - her sex organ, her vagina

a case - any legal matter is called 'a case'

ridicule - when people make fun of something or mock something

female genitalia - the vagina

pseudonym - a fake name

arrested - she was taken away by the police

recipients - receivers

the penalty - the punishment

prosecutors - lawyers for the state who try to get people punished

convicted - found guilty

obscene - very dirty, very pornographic

cleared of a charge - found not-guilty of an allegation or claim that she broke the law; a charge is a claim by the state that someone broke the law. He was arrested for the charge of murder. He was charged with murder.

inorganic - not alive

to arouse - to make one want to have sex, to make one horny

a legal appeal - when lawyers go to a higher court and ask for help to change a lower court's decision

a public petition - when people sign a document saying they don't agree with a government decision

moulded - when a shape is created by pouring a liquid substance into a mold and then allowing it to get hard

a pussy - a slang term for a vagina

a diorama - a recreated landscape scene

hypocrisy - when a person says one thing but does another; in Japan the government allowed pornographic images of children to be shown in manga, but objected to reproductions of a manko (vagina)

pixelated - obscured, messed up so you can't see it clearly

The Waterboys frontman - the singer for the English rock group Waterboys

Friday, May 13, 2016

A Corrupt NY Politician Goes to Jail (but the More Things Change the More They Stay the Same)

Sheldon Silver

When foreign students ask me what the difference is between Republicans and Democrats, I tell them that this answer is easy: Republicans are evil and Democrats are corrupt.

What does corrupt mean? If someone is corrupt he/she is not ethical and does not act rightly. A corrupt politician might take bribes or use his/her position to make extra money or to help people he/she knows in return for favors from them.

Frankly, Republicans are evil. They believe that America is about strong individuals who can take care of themselves. They don't want to have any social programs and if you were starving (without food) a Republican would say, "Well, either get a job or starve. And if you do starve to death, be happy, you are helping to make sure that weak people like you die so strong people like us can survive." These "strong" Republicans usually come from families with lots of money.

It's funny because most Republicans don't believe in Darwin's theory of evolution (they are often super religious) but they refer to Darwinian survival principles when they explain their political philosophy.

Frankly, Democrats are corrupt. Super corrupt. I doubt there's even one honest Democratic politician. They are always doing favors, taking stuff for favors, doing all kinds of unethical things. The irony is that they like to present themselves as good people. They are always giving away free things. NY State has a Democratic Governor (leader) and now if you are poor and want a sex change (you are a guy and want to be a girl or vice versa) NY State will give you a FREE sex change. Isn't the Governor such a wonderful person! >_<  This is why NY State taxes are so high.

So here's an article about a guy (Sheldon Silver) who was corrupt for many years. He was one of the most powerful politicians in NY State. Everybody knew he was corrupt. The NY Post would publish articles basically saying: "Wow! This mother father is really corrupt!" (The NY Times supported the guy - they support all Democrats as long as they haven't been thrown in jail yet.) 

Nobody did anything. For 20 years nobody did anything. They worked with him because they were corrupt themselves. The Mayor of NY City (leader of NY City) even said that Silver was a "man of integrity" - a man of great honesty who never broke the law and cared about acting rightly.

What really irritates me is that the guy is an Orthodox Jewish guy. "Orthodox" means that they try to live according to the Bible. Where does it say in the Bible that you can be so corrupt as to help to destroy NY State government for generations? 

Any way, the Federal Government (Washington D.C.) finally arrested the guy and he'll be thrown in jail. 

The article:

http://nypost.com/2016/05/03/sheldon-silver-gets-12-years-in-prison-for-corruption/

Vocabulary from the article:

federal court - this is a court established by the US government. NY State government loved Silver and protected him. 

former Assembly Speaker - former means he used to hold this position. The Assembly is NY State's Congress - where the laws are made. Corrupt people can make a lot of money by getting into a Congress. He was the "Speaker" of the Assembly - the leader.

to be sentenced to - when someone is found guilty a judge will 'sentence' him/her to a punishment

a penitentiary - a jail

a judge -


scheming - someone who makes plans to do things that are illegal

to fork over - to hand over money (this is slang);to provide money

ill-gotten gains - money made illegally, gains would be money...the money was gotten (was received) in an 'ill' or wrong manner

disgraced - the opposite of honorable; to be disgraced means everyone looks down on you, you are ashamed, deeply embarrassed

ex-pol - ex politician (he used to be a politician - someone elected to a government office)

criminal counts - specific crimes

fraud - making money illegally

extortion- threatening people to get money, scaring people to make money

money laundering - getting illegal money but processing it to make it seem like legal money

concurrently - one after the other

hefty - big

capped - it is the very top of something

stellar run - an amazing number of successes (steallar means like the stars, a run is a series of events) 

Preet Bharara - an honest lawyer for the US government who has been throwing lots of corrupt politicians in jail.

justice meted out - the justice delivered

a stiff sentence - an extreme, harsh, punishment

humbled - no longer arrogant; very embarrassed

I let down my family - I disappointed my family

constituents - the people who voted for him (no...they elected one of his friends to take his place)

rendered - delivered

stoic - strong, not showing any emotional pain

lit into her husband - to light into someone is to verbally attack the person for something the person did that was wrong

extra-marital affairs - he had sex with women who wanted things from him

filings - extra papers to the judge

a lobbyist - someone who tries to influence politicians to make laws favorable to their clients

cushy - easy, a cushy job pays well and is easy

a minimum security camp - instead of a real jail, they are going to send him to a camp where he can play tennis every day and take classes,watch movies, eat nice food etc.

to impose on someone - to force on someone

a kick-back - when you help someone make money and he gives you a share

for one's better angels to take over - for one's better part of his/her nature to help the person make the right decision

put him on the straight and narrow - the straight and narrow refers to a life where you follow a narrow road of doing good things

legislator - someone who makes laws

slammed - criticized, attacked

the max - the maximum sentence

draconian - after Draco an ancient Greek leader who killed people for minor crimes. A guideline sentence is a sentence the Congress recommends for a criminal.

leniency - mercy, showing forgiveness, making the punishment lesser

home confinement - forcing someone to stay at home

a modest upbringing - growing up without much money

incarceration - to be thrown in jail

rendered - given

to weather a storm - to get through a difficult period of time

devastated - a feeling of being destroyed, shocked, 

an obituary - a notice that someone has died

deliberation - thinking, considering

cozy - comfortable

hooking them up -connecting them

to sustain each conviction - to preserve, to keep

an appeal - an attempt to g oto someone higher in a system to get a better decision
--------------------

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Wednesday, May 11, 2016

A Dutch woman sought medically assisted death because she could not live with the effects of child sex abuse

This is really a terrible story. A woman in Holland who had been raped (sexually attacked) as a child suffered daily psychological pain that was so severe that she requested euthanasia (when a doctor helps one to die).

Holland was the first European country to allow euthanasia (in 2002) and about 5,000 people, each year, choose this. Anyone over 12 years old can request euthanasia in Holland. You can read the article below and judge for yourself whether this person - in her 20s - should have been allowed to die.

I, personally, would say 'no'. They just gave up on this girl. What good is psychology or medicine if women like this cannot be helped? Also, many people in Holland who kill themselves through euthanasia seem to do so because they are lonely or socially isolated. 

It seems obvious that we all have to work to try to create more humane societies where people do not feel so isolated that they have to kill themselves. (Frankly, we also need to make sure that our children are as safe as possible and don't experience the type of situation that leaves them with incurable psychological pain.) 

I think each of us has to demonstrate a greater compassion and concern for others on a daily basis and really help others feel their lives are of value and meaningful. One of our social goals and values has to become compassion, instead of greed and competition. This story has challenged me to try to take a sense of compassion with me into the streets and in my every day dealings regardless of how rude, nasty and malicious others can be. 

The article:
https://www.lifesitenews.com/news/dutch-doctors-kill-sex-abuse-victim-because-of-incurable-mental-suffering

Vocabulary from the article:

sought - seek, sought, sought (to seek - to look for)

Dutch - if you are from Holland you are called Dutch. Another term for Holland is The Netherlands...nether means 'under' - much of Holland is actually under sea level.

to euthanize, euthanasia - eu means good in ancient Greek; thanatos means death. So euthanasia means a good death or a merciful death. It is when medical professionals help a person who is suffering to die. There are 4 or 5 states in the USA which allow this...most states do not because the USA is a predominantly Christian country.

incurable - can't be cured, the person cannot be helped, the pain cannot be lessened or eliminated

post traumatic stress syndrome - post means after, trauma is something horrible that happens to a person, stress is psychological discomfort and pain, a syndrome is a group of symptoms or things that help to define a situation. So if a person has PTSS, the person has experienced something horrible and is suffering psychological pain from it.

competent - she had the ability to do this. To be mentally or psychologically competent to decide something means you have the ability to make a decision. I would argue that this woman was NOT competent to make this decision. She just wanted the terrible suffering to end and it was easier to do that than to help her. This story has made me feel so sad...

anorexia - when a person refuses to eat because he/she wants to appear attractive

chronic - it won't go away

mood swings - when one goes from one emotion to another very quickly and without any apparent reason

a tendency - something one does over and over again

hallucinations - seeing things which are not real

an obsession - a strong desire to do something over and over again, or a desire to do something that doesn't have to be done but one feels one needs to do it

a compulsion - basically the same thing as an obsession. If a person has obsessive-compulsive disorder, he/she might wash his/her hands 30 times a day, be worried about things nobody else worries about etc.

that lay at the root of the problem - that is causing the problem

lethal injection - a deadly shot, poison injected into one through a needle

paradoxically - this is a paradox because she chose to die when she wasn't feeling any pain or depression.

to decriminalize - to make something legal which had been illegal. For example, marijuana has been decriminalized in Colorado in the USA.

infamous - famous for the wrong reasons; famous because it was horrible

a precedent - something that comes before something else and inspires the new thing

dementia - an inability to remember or think clearly

advocating - to advocate for something or to advocate something means to believe it is good and to encourage it

to quadruple - to increase by four times

Tuesday, May 10, 2016

Tipping - Restaurant Owners in the USA Are Too Cheap to Pay Good Wages

Restaurant owners in New York City like this (a lot!):


So they pay their waiters and waitresses very low wages, as low as the law allows them to pay, and they expect customers to give the waiter/waitress a tip. 

A tip, in case you don't know, is an additional amount of money equal to 15% to 20% of your bill. So if your bill is $20, you are expected to leave a tip of $3 or $4 dollars.

Restaurant owners will even say,"Don't be cheap! Give your waiter a good tip!" Well, people in the USA are starting to say to restaurant owners, "Hey, don't be cheap! Pay your waiters what they should get as human beings! Stop making the customers pay extra! Share your wealth with your staff!"

Here is a nice article about this type of situation:

The article:

http://www.dailykos.com/story/2016/05/06/1509590/-How-restaurant-owners-con-Americans-into-paying-employee-wages-it-s-legal-and-it-s-brilliant?detail=facebook

Vocabulary from the article:

to con someone - this means to deceive or trick or fool someone. If you con a person you make the person pay or give you extra money he/she shouldn't have needed to pay for something. For example: "How much did you pay for that pen? $3? Oh my God, that store clerk conned me into paying $15 for the same type of pen!"

brilliant - super intelligent

taking in profits - you can also say 'making a profit'

to foot the bill - to pay for the bill; this is slang...for example: "Hey, let's ask our boss to take us out to dinner; he'll probably foot the bill and we can save some money."

to range from ___ to ____ - to be from one point to another point along a common continuum. "College tuition in the USA can range from free to $50,000 per year."

to subsidize the rest - to pay for the rest of the worker's salary

a server - a waiter/waitress...someone who takes your order and delivers your food

literally- this is a term of emphasis. i.e. He literally said he hated me! (He really said he hated me.) He literally jumped in the air he was so angry! 

And that how it will continue - an example of bad editing, it should be: And that's how it will continue

until the people speak out - until people begin complaining

while we're working this out - while all of us are solving this

the gumption - the courage, a strong motivation which overcomes fear (like the word audacity i.e. He had the audacity to ask me such a personal question.)

to split tips - to share tips with other servers

uneasiness- a feeling of discomfort, in this case because you have caught them doing something wrong

by a mere .13 - by the small amount of .13

condiments- ketchup, mustard etc.

to kiss someone's ass - to be very very very very nice to someone just because you have to. Actually this person is wrong...even if your waiter/waitress is horrible you are expected to tip him/her.

snuck out - sneak, snuck, have snuck (actually it should be a regular verb of sneak, sneaked, have sneaked). To sneak out means to leave secretly, without anyone noticing you.

out of my own pocket - by myself

do you see how servers get fucked? - can you understand how unfair things are to servers? to get fucked means to be treated unfairly (be careful, 'fucked' is considered very vulgar, dirty language)

take a cut of your tips - take a certain percentage of your tips

to be blacklisted - when everyone in an industry knows you are a trouble-maker and they won't hire you 

to make ends meet - to make enough to survive

don't kill the messenger - don't blame me for telling you the truth

to be stiffed - to not get any tip

slandered and vilified - verbally attacked by people who do not tell the truth about you

the other NRA - when Americans see NRA they think of National Rifle Association. The 'other' NRA is the National Restaurant Association.

holding the poor down -keeping poor people from becoming successful

being scammed- being conned, being cheated, not getting what we deserve

to call the industry out - to tell the truth about the industry

----

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Friday, March 18, 2016

I'm gonna sue you! (New Chapter for New York City Sucks, But You'll Wanna Live Here Anyway)


This is a new chapter from my book: New York City Sucks but You'll Wanna Live Here Anyway

The book is written in the voice of Suzy, an immigrant to New York City who has become changed by the city to the point where she sees many negative things where others see positive things. So the tone of the book is quite sarcastic and cynical.

The book can be purchased here for a small sum. http://www.amazon.com/York-Sucks-Youll-Wanna-Anyway-ebook/dp/B004TSPAQS

If you want a free copy of the latest version of the book, please drop me a line through email and I'll send you a pdf copy. I think Suzy's view of New York City is quite important to encounter.

Before you read the reading passage, please go through these vocabulary words to see whether you understand them. There is a fill-in-the-blank test after the reading passage. Please remember, it is Suzy talking from now on. :)

Definitions of important words in the chapter:

gonna – gonna is a contraction for ‘going to’ and you can only use it with a form of ‘to be’: I’m gonna, you’re gonna, he’s gonna, she’s gonna, we’re gonna, they’re gonna.  wanna is a contraction of want to. Its use is totally different. For instance, you can say “I wanna go there.” Or “You wanna go there.” But you cannot say: “He wanna go there…”  After he/she and it you need an ‘s’ – He wants to go there. You can’t use ‘wanna’ with he/she or it. We wanna and they wanna is OK. Please don’t say “he wanna” or “she wanna” – it sounds bad, really bad.

to sue – this means to take legal action against someone to try to get money from that person. You hire a lawyer, pay the lawyer a lot of money that he/she does not deserve because he or she is probably a dishonest bastard or bitch and then the lawyer helps you try to harm another human being in a courtroom with a judge or jury, usually by lying about the person or making the person seem like someone he/she is not. If you sue you are trying to get the judge or jury to give you lots of money. So if you sue a person you cannot throw that person in jail – you can just get money from him or her.

should (say) – remember that ‘should’ is a recommendation; 'have to' means you have no choice

whether – ‘if’ is used for conditional statements; whether is used when you are making a choice. I don’t know whether to drink vodka or whiskey.

guy – In this case, guy means person. I get asked whether ‘guys’ can be used with women. If it’s a mixed group of men and women you can get away with using ‘guys’. Hey guys, are you ready to leave?  If it’s an all-female group you might want to use ‘gals’ – are you gals ready to leave?

a buck – a dollar. Sometimes ‘a buck’ can mean money in general.  He lives to make a buck. He’ll do anything for a buck. 5 dollars is 5 bucks. 100 dollars is 100 bucks.

scruples – morality, morals, ethics. Morality means a sense of doing the right thing, not something wrong. If you have scruples, you are a good person.

a weapon – not a literal weapon, but a symbolic of figurative weapon. When I say justice is a weapon I mean justice is not always justice in NY City or the USA, it’s often a way to hurt people or make money.

rotten – if you leave an apple lying around for too long, it will become rotten and you will not want to eat it. So instead of calling NY City the Big Apple, I called it the rotten apple since it seems as if it is not a very pure or honest place. People often describe how they feel using the word ‘rotten’. If you are not feeling good, you feel rotten.

to be screwed up – to be messed up, to be ruined, not working properly, to be very very wrong; if something is screwed up, it doesn’t work as it should.  Hey my smartphone seems to be screwed up, the time is all wrong. Things can be morally screwed up too. He should not have been punished – that was screwed up!

to threaten s/o – to tell someone you are going to hurt them

a law suit – this is the paperwork that goes along with suing a person. So the lawyer types up the argument and submits it to a court and a trial is set.

shady – not honest, dishonest, not trustworthy; you hear this word a lot – Nixon was a shady politician.

a whistle blower – someone who sees something wrong and who complains about it; like someone who sees something and blows a whistle to make a loud noise to alert other people to what’s wrong.

evidence – there is a difference between evidence and proof. Evidence seems to indicate that something wrong happened. Proof shows that there is no doubt that something bad happened.

to run a story – when a newspaper runs a story they print a story

a scandal – a story that causes someone a huge amount of embarrassment

to tell – to tell can sometimes mean to determine. Is he alive? I don’t know, I can’t tell.

verifiable – provable, if you can prove something you can verify it

to retract s/t – to take a statement back; to remove a statement you made earlier

to prove- this means you have demonstrated something to have happened or to be true

in violation of the law – if you break the law, or do something against the law, you are in violation of the law; in violation of means you did not do something you were supposed to do

to matter – if something doesn’t matter, it is not important

didn’t make sense – you hear this a lot in English; if something doesn’t make sense it is illogical or nonsensical, it doesn’t sound right and might even be impossible

to file a complaint – we use the verb ‘to file’ with a complaint; if you think something is wrong and want to write to the city or government about it, you will be filing a complaint about something that is wrong

scum – scum is a type of dirt mixed with germs; technically it is the layer of dirt that you sometimes see floating on a small body of water. If you think someone is disgusting because of a lack of ethics or morals, he/she is ‘scum’ or dirt.

a politician – someone who makes money by getting elected to office and then pretending to care about the people while he/she makes a lot of money for him/herself. The USA is run by politicians who are supported by people with lots of money. They like calling this system: democracy.

got left alone – he got left aloe is an example of a way many Americans might express a situation like this. A more formal way might be: and he was finally left alone. Get = become

to complain about s/t – to express your opinion that something was wrong or unfair

guilty – not innocent; you are guilty of something if you have done something wrong

prestigious – important, being considered exceptional and great

to shut the guy up – to stop someone from saying something you don’t want him to say

the bastard – if you are angry at a guy, you might call him a bastard

how dare he! – this is an ironic statement; of course it’s wrong to attack someone innocent, but lawyers in the USA don’t seem to care about guilt or innocence. Anyone who pays a lawyer is innocent and the person not paying is guilty.

this shit place – shit can be used as a type of adjective here

to be asking for trouble – often if someone corrupt or evil attacks an innocent person, they will say the person was ‘asking’ for trouble meaning that the person deserved to get hurt

cockroaches – these are disgusting little insects that are all over New York City. They are brown and creepy  and crawl around kitchens and bathrooms, but they are not half as creepy as your common, everyday lawyer.

to get away with s/t – to do something wrong and not get punished for it

a judge – this person’s job is to sit in a courtroom and determine whether people are guilty or innocent. If the person on trial wants a jury, then the judge basically runs the trial and the jury the tries to decide whether the person is guilty or innocent. We need the jury system because our judges suck so badly. They are losers who couldn’t succeed as lawyers and went begging politicians for jobs

to fail at s/t – to not succeed at something; to set a goal and not reach it

to distinguish yourself at s/t – to do especially well at something; to do much better at something than anyone else

zillions – lots and lots and lots

the world is your oyster – this is an expression from a line by Shakespeare which means that you are in a position to succeed tremendously. If the world is your oyster, you will be very successful.

to suck – if something sucks it is very bad. It is a simple intransitive verb which many students misuse. For instance, you can’t say, “It is sucks.” You have to say, “It sucks.” “Bill sucks.”  “This food sucks.” “K-pop sucks.”

a bum – like a homeless person

dough re me – dough is a slang term for money. Do re me fa so la ti do represents the musical scale of notes. So sometimes instead of just saying ‘dough’ for money, a person will say “do re me”.

favors – if you do a favor for someone, you do something nice for that person

elections – a election is when people vote to allow corrupt people to run their government

to kiss s/o’s ass – you are very very friendly to a person because you want something from him; to do things for a person so that the person will do things for you

to sponsor s/o – to support someone, to help someone to do something

president, congressman, mayor – usually people go to vote for ‘important’ offices and then see that there seems to be a bunch of unimportant things to vote about. Most people just choose randomly or do what their politicians want them to do. The president leads the country, a congressman makes laws in Washington D.C. and a mayor leads a city.

a ballot – this is the piece of paper on which people indicate for whom they want to vote

who the hell – if you want to show emotion or emphasis, instead of just saying “Who did that?” you can say, “Who the hell did that?” This is informal and kind of aggressive.

a polling station – a place where people go to vote in the USA

quid pro quo – this for that; if I do this for you, you have to do this for me…it’s a Latin term

immoral – not moral, unethical, not doing what is right

greedy – obsessed with money, someone who lives for money

incompetent – not capable of doing your job well, not able to do a job properly

assholes – not very nice people

jail/money – there are two types of court systems in the USA, the criminal and the civil. If a person is arrested by the police and goes to trial, this will be a criminal trial; if a person is sued, this will be a civil trial

some scumbag – scumbag is a negative term for a person; scum is dirt mixed with germs – you usually see scum at the bottom of a river, it is very nasty and smelly

to drag s/o into s/p – to force someone to do something or to go somewhere

compromised – to compromise your morals means to do something you really don’t think is right, but you do it anyway to benefit yourself. To compromise usually means that you and a person disagree and so both of you give in a little bit and meet in the middle.

remotely -  he ever remotely had means that he never really cared about morals or rules or ethics but might have weakly believed in some things – so morality was remote or far away from him

inspiring – motivating; I’m being sarcastic here

elegant – very lovely, beautiful

a cleaners – a place that cleans clothing; usually you take formal, expensive clothing to a cleaners and they do a good job of cleaning and pressing the clothing

a patch – a piece of cloth used to cover  a hole or a tear in clothing

to go ballistic – to become very angry; a ballistic missile is a missile that explodes and causes a lot of damage

cases – a court case is an individual situation that is to be judged and determined

security deposit – when you move into an apartment in NY City, you are usually asked for a security deposit. This is an amount of money you give to the person who is renting the apartment and he/she will give it back when you leave if nothing has been damaged in the apartment.

small claims – if you are seeking a relatively small amount of money, you go to small claims court – you are making a small claim

to file a case – we use the term ‘file’ to mean to begin a case; when you submit the paperwork to begin the case, you have filed a case

fishy – if something seems fishy, it doesn’t seem right or legitimate; a fish smells so if something smells it is not something you want to be a part of

corrupt – dishonest, not morally reliable, predisposed to (likely to) do wrong, unethical things

respectable – if people admire you or feel you can be trusted you are respectable

to convey s/t to s/b - to communicate something to somebody

on behalf of – to do something for someone else

a janitor – the person who cleans the floors and the toilets

to be dumbfounded – to be so shocked that you can’t say anything

livid – very very very angry

a continuance – to continue a situation later

outrageous - shocking

absurd – it doesn’t make any sense, ridiculous

NY Post – this is a newspaper in New York City that features the most gossip and lurid (shocking) stories

evidence – this is not proof…evidence just suggests that someone may have done something wrong

to settle this – to resolve this matter

big time – this is a way to emphasize something: I hate him big time! He screwed up big time!  So big time means ‘a lot’.

pissed - angry

what the hell – this is used to emphasize how you feel. So instead of saying, “What is wrong with him?” You can say, “What the hell is wrong with him!?” “What the hell are you doing!?” This is not very polite, but shows that you are upset.

a nut – a crazy person.  To be nuts is to be crazy.

to be hit with punitive damages - to be hit with something means something bad has happened to you.  He was hit with a parking ticket by the police. Punitive damages means money the judge gives you to punish the bad guy. So if you are suing for $120 but the judge gets angry at the other guy, you might get punitive damages of up to $5,000.

resolved – fixed, taken care of

weird – strange, unusual

dim sum – this is a type of Chinese restaurant in which there are many choices of food and as waitresses roll carts around on the floor you choose what you want from the carts

to beat s/o – to do better than someone or to win in a competition against someone


I’m gonna sue you!

If you become angry with someone in America, the first thing you should say is: “I’m gonna sue you!” It doesn’t matter whether you are right or wrong, because even if you are wrong, you can easily find a lawyer who will help you sue some innocent guy if you are willing to pay him enough.  Basically lawyers will do anything for a buck in New York City and America. They don’t seem to have any scruples.  Justice is a weapon like everything else in the Big Rotten Apple.

You might say, “Wait a minute, that’s really screwed up. How can you get away with suing an innocent guy?” Well, it happens all the time, my friend. Actually, it happens some of the time. Many times if a lawyer just threatens to sue an innocent guy it can be effective and it can stop the innocent guy from doing something that will harm someone evil. So if you complain about someone evil or some evil company, expect to get threatened with a law suit. Lawyers do it all the time. They don’t care about anything except making a buck.

For instance, my language exchange partner Bob used to work for a shady company. He thought there was stuff that was wrong with the shady company and he became what is known as a whistle-blower. He contacted a newspaper, handed his evidence over to them and they ran a story about this shady company. It became a big scandal. Based on what I could tell, everything he had said was true and verifiable. Yet, the first thing this company did was hire lawyers who contacted him and told him they were going to sue Bob for $100,000,000 if he did not write back to the newspaper and retract his story.

But Bob looked at the story and everything he said was true to the best of his knowledge and so he couldn’t retract anything. In fact, everything was basically proved to be true in the story and one of the guys from the shady company even admitted to the newspaper reporter that the company had done something in violation of the law. That didn’t seem to matter – there were lawyers waiting to jump in there to threaten and possibly sue an innocent guy anyway. The lawyers obviously knew Bob was innocent, but were willing to try to destroy his life for a few extra bucks. In the crazy letter they sent to Bob, they seemed to even want him to retract the statement the guy from the company made about the illegal activity. It didn’t make sense, so Bob threatened them and filed complaints all over the place to the government and then they finally left him alone. Frankly Bob should have sued them but I don’t think he wanted to waste his time on scum.

Actually, the law firm threatening Bob had connections to some shady politicians (from what a journalist told Bob) and so Bob wrote to these shady politicians and threatened to go to the newspapers about them supporting a shady company. Then Bob finally got left alone. So basically, if you come to New York City and find anything wrong and complain about it, the evil and guilty people will sue YOU and try to make you look evil and guilty. There are lawyers who specialize in this type of law at the greatest and most prestigious universities in the country. They teach this in law school.

Student: “Professor, what if a company wants me to sue an innocent guy to try to shut the guy up about something which is wrong?”

Professor: “Sue the bastard! Who the hell does he think he is? This is New York City! If you are innocent here, you are as guilty as hell! How dare he be an honest person in this shit place!! He’s just asking for trouble! He deserves it!”

Welcome to America – the land of justice. There are more lawyers than cockroaches in New York City and the lawyers are often dirtier, smellier, and less moral than these insects. At least cockroaches don’t threaten to sue innocent guys.

So how can these lower-than-cockroach lawyers get away with this nonsense? Judges let them (you can see a judge pictured above on this post). You see, judges in America used to be lawyers. In fact, it looks as if you only become a judge in America if you fail at being a lawyer. In South Korea, for example, you only become a judge if you distinguish yourself academically and prove you are 100% honest. In America, it’s exactly the opposite. If you become a successful lawyer you can make zillions of dollars and acquire enough power to threaten lots of innocent guys all over the place. The world becomes your oyster. If you suck as a lawyer, your mom and dad have paid zillions of dollars to a law school or you owe lots of money in student loans and now you are nothing but some stupid bum who can’t get a job. Your only hope at this point is to get a job as a judge.  So what do you do? How do you do this?

Well, you go to your neighborhood shady politician. You give him an envelope filled with dough rey me or you do favors for him. Lots of favors. You do free legal work, threaten innocent guys, help the shady politician win elections, kiss the politician’s ass in ten zillion ways etc. Finally, after you have kissed the politician’s ass enough, he’ll sponsor you for a position as a judge.   How does this work?

Well, judges have to be elected in the USA. So you go to vote for president or congressman or mayor and you see a list of names for open positions for judges. You don’t know who any of these people are. You’ll see about 25 names and the ballot will say: please choose ten of these losers. But you don’t know who the hell any of these losers are. But that’s OK, because your local shady politician has already given you a list on your way to the polling station. The list says, “Your shady neighborhood politician recommends the following ten losers. Please vote for them and if you ever have any problems we’ll help you too.” All of this is called ‘quid pro quo.’ So being a good American, you do what your shady politician wants you to do and now there are ten more stupid, immoral, shady, ignorant, greedy, incompetent assholes deciding whether people are going to go to jail or lose money. So some scumbag lawyer drags an innocent guy into court and it looks perfectly fine to the loser judge who compromised every principle he ever remotely had to get his position.

So that brings me to my story. Yes another inspiring Suzy story of how wonderful life is in the Big Apple.

I had a female friend from China named Ruby. She had bought a beautiful dress online at a discount for $120. It was an elegant black dress with sheer sleeves. After she had worn it to a party she took it to a cleaners to be professionally washed and dried. When she went to pick up the dress, she saw that one of the sleeves had been torn. The guy who owned the cleaners told her, however, that he would fix the sleeve. When she went back in a week, the guy had merely put a black patch on the sleeve. So one sleeve was completely sheer and the other had a big, ugly black patch on it. She went ballistic.

Ruby demanded $120 from the guy, but the bastard only offered her $8. He said she had paid $8 for the cleaning and since she wasn’t satisfied with the cleaning he would refund her money. When I met her for coffee a couple days later she was so angry she was crying. So I said, “Ruby….let’s sue the bastard!” She suddenly became very happy again.

You see, in the USA there are special courtrooms for cases where someone is demanding under $5,000.  This type of court is called ‘small claims’ court or ‘pro se’ court. Pro se, in Latin, means ‘Do it yourself – DIY’.  You don’t need a shady lawyer for this court – you can show up by yourself and sue a person. Also, it only costs $15 to file a case.  So Ruby and I went down to Chinatown in Manhattan where the pro se court is and we filed a lawsuit against the bastard who tore her nice dress. They gave us a court date and Ruby and I practiced answering legal questions about the dress.

So the court date arrived and we showed up. We went to our little court room and kept looking around for the shady cleaners guy and we couldn’t see him. However, among the other people in the courtroom was a shady looking guy who kind of looked like a lawyer. He had a really, really nice looking Armani suit on, but the strange thing was that he was wearing sneakers (athletic shoes). He had on an Armani suit but also sneakers. Ruby kept saying, “That must be his lawyer – he keeps looking at the board where our case is listed and he has a really nice suit.” But I thought something looked fishy. It didn’t make sense to me that he would be wearing sneakers. Lawyers don’t mix Armani suits and sneakers. The key to being really corrupt and shady is looking as if you are 100% respectable and mixing sneakers with an amazing suit doesn’t convey this impression.

So the clerk called our case and we went up to his table. He said, “Who is Ruby Ma?” Ruby introduced herself. He then said, “Where is Mr. K?” So the guy in the Armani suit spoke up and said, “I’m here on behalf of Mr. K” So the clerk asked, “Are you Mr. K’s attorney?” Whereupon the guy in the Armani suit said, “Well….technically…..no….actually, I’m Mr. K’s janitor.”  The clerk was dumbfounded. “Mr. K sent his janitor here to represent him?” “Yes sir.” The clerk just stared at the janitor in the Armani suit. I think the clerk, Ruby and I were all thinking the same thing: “Is that really your suit? Or are you wearing some other guy’s suit which was brought to K’s to be cleaned? Who does that Armani suit really belong to buddy!?”

But the clerk said, “Wait a minute, you can’t represent K here. You’re a janitor. You were not there when this happened, you were cleaning the toilets or whatever. They are probably going to win this case. The judge is not going to like this.” So K’s janitor said, “But Mr. K is busy. He doesn’t have time for this.”  I was livid. I said, “K doesn’t have time for this? Well, we win. Where’s the judge? K didn’t show up, so we win.” But the clerk said, “Wait, I think the janitor may be able to ask for a continuance on K’s behalf.” Now, Ruby was scheduled to go back to China in one month, so we knew that if they got a continuance she wouldn’t even be able to come to court. So I made a big deal and kept demanding to see a judge. I kept saying things like, “This is outrageous! K has no respect for this court proceeding! I can’t wait to email the mayor! This is absurd! The guy doesn’t show up, he sends his janitor, and the court clerk helps the guy! The mayor is going to hear about this! I’m writing to the NY Post!”

So finally, because we kept demanding to see the judge, some lawyer who worked for the judge came out of his office. It turns out the judge in a pro se court is typically a lazy bastard who doesn’t even show up until about 1pm. We didn’t know this until we were actually leaving the courtroom and finally saw a judge show up. The bars in New York City don’t open until 11am, so I guess they need to make a quick trip there for alcohol first. Apparently they try to get the clerks to resolve as much as possible before the lazy bastard judge shows up.

So the assistant to the judge looked at Ruby’s evidence and told the janitor that he needed to call K and K needed to settle this with her right now. He told the janitor that he knew the judge, he worked for the judge and that K was going to lose this case big time if a continuance was granted and we all came back. He was kind of pissed. He said his time was being wasted and K needed to settle. His time was being wasted? What the hell was he doing in his little back room anyway? But I was happy to hear him make the janitor call K. So the janitor walked away, talked to K and came back and said, “Mr. K would like to offer zero dollars and zero cents. He will not pay anything to her.” I thought the lawyer was going to explode. He started yelling, “What the hell is wrong with this nut!?  He’s going to lose! I’m going to tell the judge K’s a nut and K’s going to lose! K can be hit with punitive damages for this! What the hell kind of nut is this guy!?”

So the janitor said, “Wait, OK, listen, K gave me $60 to come here and represent him. I’ll give her my $60 if she’ll drop the case.” Ruby, however, demanded $80 plus the ability to keep the dress. The janitor didn’t have $80, though. So the lawyer yelled, “Get your ass to an ATM machine then because I want this fucking case resolved!  Get that goddamn $20 and then tell that fucking nut K to give you another $20 plus the 60 you’ll be paying!”  So the janitor ran out and got an extra $20 and we signed some papers and left.

Ruby was pretty happy. She didn’t get $120 but we got something and we had to take it because there was no way she could appear in court again. Getting $80 was probably the best we were ever going to do, especially since many people who lose cases in small claims court simply refuse to pay the winner, and there is very little the winner can do to get his/her money. I felt kind of bad that we got the money from the janitor, but, what the hell, we got the money and she still had the dress and was going to try to replace the sleeves herself.

So here’s the weird Suzy ending you’ve been waiting for – Ruby was so happy that she took me to a dim sum restaurant around the corner from the court house and we ate $75 worth of food. Ruby treated me because she said I had done an excellent job as her lawyer. I kind of wish she had kept the $75, but that food was really good and it was nice to celebrate some kind of victory for a change, even though we beat the guy’s janitor and not the guy himself.



Grammar stuff:

How to use ‘appreciate’ properly.

Many students will say or write: I very very appreciate you did this.

Oooops, sorry. Just use ‘really’ and you’ll be OK.  I really, really appreciate that you helped me.

Very modifies adjectives – He is very fat. She is very smart. He is very corrupt.  Use ‘really’ with a verb.  He really eats a lot. I really like her.

I really appreciate how kind you are; thank you!


Please don’t use ‘here’ as a noun

I wish I had a dollar for each time I heard this: Here is nice.

Sorry. “Here” is not a noun and can’t be used as a subject.  It is nice here.  So just throw ‘here’ to the back of the sentence.  They don’t like it here.


Fill in the blanks

scruples, rotten, shady, evidence, verifiable, to retract, to tell, to sue, livid, incompetent, outrageous, corrupt, elegant, inspiring, compromised

The MTA subway system is so bad. It is crowded and expensive and unreliable. I wake up in the morning feeling pretty good, but after riding the subway I feel _____________.

It is hard to find political leaders who are so honest and so kind and have such a great vision that they are _______________. Instead, I often feel depressed looking at the leaders around me.

The journalist was sure what he had written was true, but then he learned he was wrong and he had to _____________ his article.

I wanted to use our savings for several great vacations. My wife wanted to buy a house. So we ________________ and decided to put some money down for the house and to save some for travel.

I didn’t have much money but I really needed at least one ____________ dress that I could wear to art gallery openings and formal parties.

I may not be handsome, I may not have money, but nobody can honestly say that I don’t have ______________: I really care about doing the right thing and acting with morality.

Which street is this?  I didn’t wear my glasses today and I can’t __________ where we are.

Joe was in a terrible car accident. It was the other guy’s fault and so Joe decided to ____________ him. He won $50,000 in court.

Although this politician has a very good reputation, in reality she is very _____________. The newspapers will not write the truth about her, for some reason.

Initially he seemed like a very honest businessman, but as his accountant I began to see that he was doing many illegal things and I realized how ____________ he was.

The _____________ seemed to indicate that Bill had killed his roommate’s dog because the stupid thing wouldn’t stop barking. There was no real proof, however.

When Debbie learned that Bruce was cheating on her, she became ______________ and demanded that they break up.

Most people who work for the State of New York are ______________. They don’t know what they are doing and can’t do their jobs but get these jobs for political favors they have done for shady politicians.

When I went to get my driver’s license, the conditions at the DMV (Department of Motor Vehicles) were _______________. The employees were lazy and stupid and I had to wait 7 hours.

I felt that his theory was really good but I didn’t think it was _______________; therefore we may never know the truth.


Answers:
rotten, inspiring, retract, compromised, elegant,  scruples, tell, sue, corrupt or shady,  shady or corrupt, evidence, livid, incompetent, outrageous, verifiable,

  
Fill-in-the-blanks

cockroaches, to suck, an election, quid pro quo, a scumbag, prestigious, absurd, remote, ballistic, fishy, sponsor, moral


Joe told me about a plan he had to make a lot of money for both of us, but the plan seemed _____________ to me and I rejected it.

Mary had a dilemma: she could go to a pretty good school on a full scholarship or a ____________ school but only by taking out a lot of loans.

I tend to avoid going to see Hollywood films and I go to see films from around the world. Yes, Hollywood films are generally bad so I would say that they ___________.

One of the first problems you might experience in a New York City apartment is ________________. These ugly and annoying bugs seem to be everywhere.

There are many talented foreigners who come to the USA who hope to find permanent jobs here. They need to find employers who will ________________ them for green cards, however, and not many companies want to support immigrant workers  to this expensive level.

When Bill told his father that he had crashed his dad’s car into a tree, Bill expected his father to go _________________. Instead, his dad began crying.

Roger was a very handsome guy and women were always flirting with him. He was very ______________ however, and felt it would be wrong to cheat on his wife.

I expected this lawyer to help me, but he turned out to be a _________________. He was  totally unethical and was charging me for work he never did and then he threatened to sue me when I complained!

Many Americans look forward to the next presidential ______________ which will be held in 2016. They are hoping for fresh ideas and new vision.

After 15 years in New York City I really began to hate this place. I started to think of living in a ____________ area far from any cities.

Life seems dominated by _________________ relationships. People are always offering to help you so that you will have to help them later. Or they will help you only if you promise to help them later.

Matt seemed kind of nuts. He claimed to be a police officer and a spy, but I found his stories to be ________________.



Answers:


fishy, prestigious, suck, cockroaches, sponsor, ballistic, moral, scumbag, election,  remote, quid pro quo, absurd

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