Thursday, November 16, 2017
Many of us in the USA protested against the expansion of this oil pipeline. In fact, the protests were so effective that President Obama agreed to stop the building of this pipeline from Canada through the USA. Unfortunately, one of the first things that Donald Trump did, as president, was to OK this pipeline. Since then, there have been two major oil leaks. Part of the pipeline goes through land which is sacred to Native Americans and part of the pipeline goes through the largest supply of underground fresh water in the USA.
Here is an article about this oil spill:
Vocabulary to help you understand the article:
to protest - this is when people who disagree with an issue or action come together publicly to express themselves in order to try to change something.
a leak - when a liquid substance escapes from a container or structure that was meant to hold the liquid safely.
to be sacred - to be holy, to be a part of someone's religion.
South Dakota - a state in the American mid-west.
a barrel - a wooden container
to stretch from - they go from
to be approved - to be OK'd, to be allowed to happen
to give a permit approval - when a government agency provides a permit (official document allowing something) to allow something to happen.
a thumbs up - an approval, a thumbs down is a disapproval
crude oil - oil in its basic form, before it is refined into gasoline or other products
intense debate - strong arguments for and against something
amid - among, within
hefty opposition - strong opposition, strong feelings against something
the extraction of - the removal of something
sovereign lands - if land belongs to Native Americans, the US government has no legal right to use it.