An ex-mayor of New York states, in this article, that he is surprised that there were not any previous terrorist attacks given how easily these types of bombs can be made.
However, it looks as if they have killed one person and captured the other person who planted some of the bombs. Therefore, terrorists have to consider the fact that ultimately they will get caught if they do this. There are too many surveillance cameras in public places.
Vocabulary words to help you understand the article:
a tool - something you use to make something or to fix something.
we're counting on - The poster says, "There are 16 million eyes in the city. We're counting on all of them." That means the police are relying on the people, or expecting the 8 million people of NY City to be 'vigilant' (watchful) and to report activities or things that look dangerous. The poster also says, "Tell a cop or an MTA employee." A cop is a police office and an MTA employee is someone who works for the subway system.
to plant a bomb - yes, it's true that a person "plants" flowers. So how can this word also be used to mean: to place a bomb in an area? I don't know.
ultimately - finally, consequently
surveillance cameras - cameras which usually take video recordings in public places
to be vigilant - to be watchful. I use this word in my intro and it is used in the article as well.
suspicious - if something doesn't look right, it looks suspicious
IEDs - "Improvised Explosive Devices" Improvised, in this case, means put together quickly with common materials. Something which is explosive, obviously, explodes. A device is a thing.
law enforcement - police. To enforce the law to make sure that people who break the law are punished.
a bulletin - a notice.
to alert someone to something - to make someone aware of something
to be on the lookout for - to search for something, to watch out for something
a pressure cooker - a device in which you can cook things more quickly due to extra pressure inside the container
an appliance - something you use in the house: an oven, refrigerator, vacuum cleaner, toaster etc.
to wound s/o - to hurt someone (s/o = someone, s/t = something)
to seem out of place - if something seems out of place, it doesn't look as if it belongs somewhere.
passersby - people who walk by. A bystander is someone who is just standing and looking.
authorities - people in positions of power or authority or responsibility
the presence of something - the existence of something. The opposite of presence is absence
troops - soldiers
to be stuffed with - to be filled with
a cache - a collection of something which is usually hidden
an insurgent - someone fighting against a stronger country
rebar - a piece of metal
to head an agency - to be in charge of the agency; to be the boss
to disrupt - to interrupt, to stop from operating smoothly
to make their way to - to go to
domestic - in the USA. The opposite of domestic is international.
a threat - when something makes others feel unsafe
a subcommittee - a smaller committee than a main committee
an artillery shell - a type of large object shot out of a canon, meant to explode when it hits the ground
fertilizer - this is used to make soil more fertile; fertilizer is used on soil or the ground to help plants grow. Certain types of fertilizer explode easily.
crude - not sophisticated, not complex
a convoy route - a convoy is a line of vehicles (cars, trucks); a route is the direction in which they are traveling
to convert/conversion - to change into something else
incendiary - it can start a fire
a homegrown copycat - someone who imitates something else is a copycat. A homegrown copycat would be someone born in America who chooses to imitate the actions of a foreign terrorist.
A mistake in the article: American counterterrorism officials and other leaders have warned that it might only be a matter of time before a terror network or a homegrown copycat attempted to use those kinds of tactics inside the U.S.
to reinforce something - to make something stronger.
to be vulnerable - to be at risk. To be capable of being harmed.
a tragedy - something terrible which happens in which someone or many people die
to ensure - to make sure
resilient - if you are resilient you will bounce back; you will come back
a hazard - a danger
to bolster something - to strengthen something
1. Do you think this attack should have been anticipated by the Boston police? After all, any time there is a major event in New York City, the police are EVERYWHERE.
2. Who do you think did this? A terrorist group or an individual?
3. Do you think the person who did this should be executed (killed)?
Yes, I'm the guy who wrote the very funny ESL book: New York City Sucks, But You'll Wanna Live Here Anyway.
If this page is useful to you, please buy the book (it's quite inexpensive and useful!!!!). If you don't have an e-reader, drop me a line at firstname.lastname@example.org and I'll send you a free copy via Word file. Let me know whether you have Word 2010 or an earlier version.
Yes, I'm also the guy who created the scandal in Asia two years ago :P